Lianzhou Wang, Yang Bai and their team at University of Queensland achieved a certified power conversion efficiency of 16.6% on 0.1 cm2 substrate for quantum dot solar cells. The result was published in Nature Energy on Jan. 20, 2020.
This UQ team achieved the efficiency enhancement through the use of surface engineering strategy, which improved the optoelectronic quality of perovskite quantum dots.
Quantum dots are attractive for the PV research community because of its versatility, which means they can be tuned optically. Quantum dots offer broader absorption range for photon absorption, higher energy band gap and ability to change material composition in perovskite solar cells. This increases the voltage and in turn the solar cell’s power conversion efficiency.
The quantum dot solar cells retained 94% of the original power conversion efficiency under continuous 1-sun illumination for 600 h. Bai added that the team is currently undertaking research on further extending the life of these solar cells. The UQ researchers are also working on applying more stable charge transport layers to enhance stability.
Another attractive feature of these perovskite quantum dot solar cells is that they are more sensitive to light compared to commercial silicon solar cells. Hence, under indoor conditions, they can power small electronic devices.
Quantum dot ink can also be easily coated on rigid and flexible substrates. Flexible quantum dot solar cells offer broad applications for example, they can be applied on wearable technology, cars, and in BIPV applications. According to Yang Bai, quantum dots can also be used in other applications such as sensors, light emitters, and display applications such quantum LED televisions.
The team is currently working on scaling up the technology towards testing on full-module size solar panels, which will pave the way for commercialisation. Given that the team has achieved the world record efficiency for quantum dot solar cells, is has opened up opportunities for further research for commercial viability.
The commercial arm of University of Queensland, UniQuest, is working on scaling up the technology for potential commercialisation.